Over the decades, it became plural, to make it clear that hierarchies, relations of domination and inequalities exist not only between the categories of race and gender, but also within them. Saffioti traces the origin of the myths and preconceptions that justify the exclusion of India Phone Number List women from certain tasks and their segregation into traditional roles and occupations recognized as female. She finds that origin in the way power was organized and distributed in the Brazilian slave society. She discusses the position of male and female slaves and the inconsistencies in the race relations of slavery. The black slaves had their function in the productive India Phone Number List system, and they also had a sexual role, whose product –the mulatto– became the center of social and cultural tensions. What is the effect of capitalist development on the position of women? The effects analyzed are not homogeneous for all women. In the world of productive organization, according to Saffioti, the development of capitalism marginalizes India Phone Number List women. And it does so in a complex way.
The advent of capitalism represents a India Phone Number List diminution of the directly productive functions hitherto carried out by women. They remain as cheap labor, to be used when capitalism requires it. At the same time, the limited ability to protest and sue leads to further exploitation, which is masked India Phone Number List by appeals to "natural factors" such as gender and race. In this perspective, women represent «anti-capitalism»,
However, the phenomenon is not as linear as it seems. The author analyzes the processes of urbanization and the abolition of slavery in Brazil, processes that, together with India Phone Number List European immigration, produced significant changes in the organization of the family, in particular the destabilization of the patriarchal family. Urbanization caused transformations in the social position of urban women: the expansion of cultural horizons, the limitation of birth rates, divorce. In addition, there was a growing adoption of the Western legal India Phone Number List family framework (especially among ex-slaves) which paradoxically implied a reinforcement of see xual taboos. Cultural factors play then: the cult of female virginity in a world of double standards, the exaltation of the "macho" as an ideal of masculinity.